Military law is the branch of law prescribed by statute for the government of the armed forces and accompanying civilian employees which is enforced by military rather than civil authorities.
Congress has provided special laws for military. These laws range from civil right laws to tax laws. Many of these laws are aimed at ensuring that the military members service to our country is not compromised by various legal obligations. For example, the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (or SCRA) temporarily suspends certain judicial and administrative proceedings and transactions involving military personnel. It also provides penalties for violations of this protection.
The Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) is another example. It applies to personnel in all branches of the military, including the army, navy, marines, airforce, and coast guard. The UCMJ addresses how cases are brought in military courts, court-martials, treatment and apprehension of prisoners, and the military trial process itself.
Examples of issues addressed by the UCMJ include drug testing of military personnel, military pay, and crimes committed by military personnel. Both civilian and military lawyers work on military law matters.
There are also special laws that relate to military operations. For example, general government contracting rules and regulations spelled out in the Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) apply to military contracts. The Department of Defense has adopted Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) to supplement the FAR regulations. Collectively, these rules set out very precise requirements, procedures, and remedies for civilians contracting with the military.